Nuove prospettive per l’utilizzo del remote sensing nella gestione delle emergenze da rischi Natech e l’uso della terminologia specifica

Sabina Di Franco, Rosamaria Salvatori, Elena Rapisardi

Abstract


The Earth Observation (EO) techniques are becoming increasingly important in risk management activities not only for natural hazards and natural disaster monitoring but also to ride out industrial and Natech accidents. The latest development in the aerospace industry such as sensors miniaturization and high spatial and temporal resolution missions devoted to monitoring areas of specific interest, have made the use of EO techniques more efficient and ready to use in near real time conditions. This paper summarize the current state of knowledge on how EO data can be useful in manage all the phases of the Natech disaster, from the environmental conditions before the accident strikes to the post accident relief, from the scenario setting and planning stage to damage assessment. Moreover some terminological tools are proposed NHWikisaurus and EOSterm thesaurus, that could be useful for semantic knowledge spreading in EO and risk managment.


Parole chiave


Gestione del rischio; Natech; remote sensing; telerilevamento; Copernicus; GMES; emergenza

Full Text

PDF

Riferimenti bibliografici


AA. VV. (2011), “Dipartimento IUAV per la Ricerca. Unità di Ricerca: Nuove tecnologie per la conoscenza del territorio e dell’ambiente. “City Sensing” e “Near Mapping” microdrone i-uav piattaforma aerea leggera a bassa quota per il monitoraggio citta’ ambiente e territorio, rilievi di parchi, infrastrutture, aree industriali, edifici, aree in dissesto idrogeologico, applicazioni tematiche di protezione civile”, Rapporto Conclusivo, http://www.ricercasit.it/smartcities/ricerca/Pervasive%20Real%20Time%20Sensing/MicrodroneUAV/Progetto%20I-UAV.pdf

Alexander D. (2002), “From civil defence to civil protection and back again”, Disaster Prevention and Management, 11, (3): 209-213

Ajmar A, Boccardo P, Disabato F, Giulio Tonolo F. (2015), “Rapid Mapping: geomatics role and research opportunities”, Geodesy And Geomatics To The Edge. Rendiconti Lincei, 26, 1: 63-73 DOI: 10.1007/s12210-015-0410-9

Antonioni G, Bonvicini S, Spadoni G, Cozzani V. (2009), “Development of a framework for the risk assessment of Na-Tech accidental

events”, Reliability Engineering & System Safety, 94, 9: 1442-1450

Clerc A, Le Claire G. (1994), “The environmental impacts of natural and technological (Na-tech) disasters”, Background discussion

paper for The World Conference on Natural Disaster Reduction, Yokohama, Japan, 23–27 May 1994

Cruz AM, Steinberg LJ, Vetere Arellano L, Nordvik JP, Pisano F. (2004), “State of the Art in Natech Risk Management (NATECH:

Natural Hazard Triggering a Technological Disaster)”, EUR 21292 EN, © European Communities

Di Franco S, Salvatori R. (2015), “Current situation and needs in man-made and Natech risks management using Earth Observation techniques”, Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment, 1: 72–84. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rsase.2015.06.004

European Commision. Copernicus Emergency Management Service, http://emergency.copernicus.eu/mapping/#zoom=2&lat=20.25728&lon=17.0555&layers=0B000000T

Galderisi A, Ceudech A, Pistucci M. (2008), “A method for Na-tech risk assessment as supporting tool for land use planning mitigation

strategies”, Nat Hazards, DOI 10.1007/s11069-008-9224-8

Girgin S, Krausmann E. (2013), “RAPID-N: Rapid Natech risk assessment and mapping framework”, Journal of Loss Prevention in

the Process Industries, 26: 949 - 960, DOI:10.1016/j.jlp.2013.10.004

Joyce KE, Wright KC, Samsonov SV, Ambrosia VG. (2009), Remote sensing and the disaster management cycle. Advances in Geoscience

and Remote Sensing, Gary Jedlovec (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-307-005-6, InTech, DOI: 10.5772/8341

Krausmann E, Cozzani V, Salzano E, Renni E. (2011), “Industrial accidents triggered by natural hazards: an emerging risk issue”,

Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 11: 921–929, DOI:10.5194/nhess-11-921-2011

Kucera J, Lemoine G, Kemper T. (2012), “Post-Disaster Needs Assessment: the role of remote sensing and geospatial information”,

IPSC - Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen. JRC- European Commission. Vienna, PDNA training, https://www.gfdrr.

org/sites/gfdrr.org/files/3_JRC-Remote_Sensing.pdf

Lewis PE. (2011), “The Evolution of Airborne Chemical and Radiological Remote Sensing For Emergency and Natural

Disaster Response”, National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) - USA. SPIE 2011 Remote Sensing PlenaryTalk, http://spie.org/

Documents/AboutSPIE/PDF/ERS11-plenary-Lewis.pdf

Lindell MK, Perry RW. (1996), “Identifying and managing conjoint threats: earthquake-induced hazardous materials releases”. The

US. J Hazard Mater 50: 31–46

Marzo E, Busini V, Rota R. (2015)), “Definition of a short-cut methodology for assessing the vulnerability of a territory in naturaltechnological

risk estimation”, Reliability Engineering and System Safety, 134: 92–97

Menoni S, Molinari D, Parker D, Ballio F, Tapsell S. (2012), “Assessing multifaceted vulnerability and resilience in order to design

risk-mitigation strategies”, Nat Hazards, 64: 2057–2082, DOI 10.1007/s11069-012-0134-4

Nativi S, Craglia M, Pearlman J. (2013), “Earth Science Infrastructures Interoperability: The Brokering Approach”, IEEE Journal of

selected topics in applied earth observations and remote sensing, 6, 3, DOI: 10.1109/JSTARS.2013.2243113

Plini P, Di Franco S, De Santis V, Salvatori R. (2015), “EOSterm - Earth Observation Systems Thesaurus”, http://thesaurusonline.

iia.cnr.it/vocabs/eosterm/en/index.php

Plini P, Salvatori R, Di Franco S, De Santis V. (2007), “L’organizzazione di metadati e dati relativi a piattaforme aeree e satellitari per il telerilevamento”, 11ª Conferenza Nazionale ASITA, Torino

Rapisardi E, Di Franco S, Giardino M. (2014), “Web Participatory Framework for Disaster Resilience: Coping with Information

Deluge”, Conference: IAEG 2014, Engineering Geology for Society and Territory, 7

Salzano E, Basco A, Busini V, Cozzani V, Marzo E, Rota R, Spadoni G. (2013), “Public awareness promoting new or emerging risks: Industrial accidents triggered by natural hazards (Natech)”, Journal of Risk Research, 16, 3-4: 469-485, DOI: 10.1080/13669877.2012.729529

Sandau R. (2006), International Study on Cost-Effective Earth Observation Missions, Balkema A.A. Publishers, Taylor & Francis

Group, Leiden, The Netherlands, 160. ISBN10:0-415-39136-9, ISBN13:9-78-0-415-39136-8

Sandau R, Briess K. (2008), “Potential for advancements in remote sensing using small satellites”, The International Archives of the

Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences. XXXVII, B1, Beijing

Sandau R, Briess K. (2010). “The role of small satellite mission in global change studies- Advances”, Chuvieco, E., Li, J., Yang, X.

(Eds). Earth Observation of Global Change. Springer Science & Business Media, 298

Sandau R. (2010), “Status and trends of small satellite missions for Earth observation”, Acta Astronautica, 66: 1 - 12

Sengupta A. (2007), “Industrial hazard, vulnerability and Risk Assessment for land use Planning: A case study old Haldia, west

Bengal, India”, International Institute for Geo-information Science and Earth Observation (ITC), http://www.itc.nl/library/papers_

/msc/iirs/sengupta.pdf

Showalter PS, Ramspott M. (1999), “The use of remote sensing in detecting and analyzing natural hazards and disaster, 1972-

A partially annotated Bibliography”. J.M. Lovell Center for Environmental Geography and Hazards Research, Southwest Texas

State University., 1

Wang L, Zhou W, Zhao S.(2013), “Application of Mini-UAV in Emergency Rescue of Major Accidents of Hazardous Chemicals”,

International Conference on Remote Sensing, Environment and Transportation Engineering (RSETE 2013)


Refback

  • Non ci sono refbacks, per ora.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.